Pharmacist Prescribing: “Test and Treat”

There has been a growing interest in pharmacist prescribing based on the results of a rapid diagnostic test for strep or flu.

Current Landscape:

  • Idaho pharmacists are allowed to prescribe products to treat strep/flu pursuant to a rapid diagnostic test. There is NO state-mandated protocol but pharmacies must develop and utilize an evidence-based protocol. The regulations went into effect in the summer of 2018.
    • The Idaho Board of Pharmacy also convened stakeholders to develop sample protocols for pharmacies to use. These may be very helpful to use as an example: Access them here.
  • Kentucky’s Board of Pharmacy has approved what they call statewide protocols that include strep and flu. Because their authority requires a doctor to sign off on a pharmacist using the protocol, it’s actually more of a collaborative practice authority than a true statewide protocol.
  • Florida recently passed a law allowing pharmacists to test and treat for minor, nonchronic conditions (including strep and flu) under a protocol with a physician. Florida HB 389 (2020)
  • Beyond statewide authority, many states have CPA authority broad enough to allow pharmacists to prescribe pursuant to a rapid diagnostic test. Based on NASPA’s research, these states include:
    • ID, IL, MI, MN, MT, NE, NM, ND, SD, TN, UT, VT, WA, WI
      • If your state should or should not be included on this list, please email comment on this page below.
    • Example protocols used for CPAs

Research Articles:

Advocacy Resources:
If your state needs a similar advocacy resource, please reach out!

Other Resources:


Click Here to Go to the Pharmacist Prescribing Resource Page